The New History of Brazil

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Date: 1960s

Region: South America

Subject: Political/Economic/Social Opinion

Medium: Textbook


Artist: The Superior Institute of Brazilian Studies (ISEB)

Confronting Bodies: Brazilian government

Dates of Action: 1960s

Location: Brazil

Description of Artwork: The ISEB prepared a set of history textbooks called The New History of Brazil that looked at Brazilan history from the perspective of the emancipation of its citizens as an "alternative history."

The Incident: The Brazilian military government that had recently taken control accused the texts of teaching Marxism and inaccuracy. The ISEB's offices were burglarized and material for the books was stolen. The Editora Brasiliense agreed to publish the books, however, before publication they were siezed.

Results of Incident: The authors of the texts were arrested and sent to exile. Grants for historians were severely cut in Brazil.

Source: Censorship, A World Encyclopedia, ed. D. Jones