Difference between revisions of "Main Page"

From Censorpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
 
(2 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 5: Line 5:
 
| class="MainPageBG" style="width:75%; border:1px solid #cedff2z; background:#ffffff; vertical-align:top; color:#000;" |
 
| class="MainPageBG" style="width:75%; border:1px solid #cedff2z; background:#ffffff; vertical-align:top; color:#000;" |
 
{| id="mp-left" style="vertical-align:top; background:#ffffff;"
 
{| id="mp-left" style="vertical-align:top; background:#ffffff;"
! style="padding:2px;" | <h2 id="mp-tfa-h2" style="margin:3px; background:#cedff2; font-size:120%; font-weight:bold; border:1px solid #a3b0bf; text-align:left; vertical-align:middle; color:#000; padding:0.2em 0.4em;">This Week's Featured Case</h2>
+
! style="padding:2px;" | <h2 id="mp-tfa-h2" style="margin:3px; background:#cedff2; font-size:120%; font-weight:bold; border:1px solid #a3b0bf; text-align:left; vertical-align:middle; color:#000; padding:0.2em 0.4em;">Featured Case</h2>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| style="color:#000;padding:2px 5px" | <p>
 
| style="color:#000;padding:2px 5px" | <p>
Line 12: Line 12:
 
{{Display censorship incident
 
{{Display censorship incident
 
|ongoing=no
 
|ongoing=no
|year=2016
+
|year=1939
|region=Middle East
+
|region=North America
|artist=Newsha Tavakolian,
+
|artist=Billie Holiday; Censored song: "Strange Fruit"
 
|subject=Political/Economic/Social Opinion
 
|subject=Political/Economic/Social Opinion
|confronting_bodies=Media Development Authority (MDA) of Singapore
+
|confronting_bodies=U.S. Radio and performance spaces
|medium=Photography
+
|medium=Music
|date_of_action=June 2016
+
|date_of_action=1939
|location=Singapore
+
|description_of_content="Strange Fruit" is a song performed most famously by Billie Holiday, who first sang and recorded it in 1939. It first appeared as apoem in 1937 under the title “Bitter Fruit” in the union publication The New York Teacher, having been written by a New York City public school teacher, Abel Meeropol. Set in the rustic loveliness of the “gallant South”, the poem provided a description of a “black body swinging in the southern breeze” with “the bulging eyes and the twisted mouth”; the scent of magnolia is supplanted by the stench of burning flesh.  Meeropol set the poem to music. It protests American racism, particularly the lynching of African Americans. “Strange Fruit” has been called the original protest song.  
|description_of_content='I Know Why The Rebel Sings' presented highlights from a range of works by Iranian documentary photographer Newsha Tavakolian. It included photographs from her series, 'Look,' 'Listen,' and "The Blank Pages Of An Iranian Photo Album," as well as previously unexhibited images of humanitarian tragedies around the world with a focus on the portrait. The exhibition was part of Singapore International Festival of the Arts (SIFA)'s pre-festival, O.P.E.N. public engagement initiative ("Open, Participate, Engage, Negotiate"). SIFA is the premier national performing arts festival in the country. Tavakolian, best known for her iconic photographs of struggle and conflict, is a member of Magnum Photos and has shot for publications such as National Geographic.
+
|description_of_incident=When the Media Development Authority (MDA) of Singapore initially refused to grant permits for 33 of the photos, the Festival Director Ong Keng Sen and the show's curator, Vali Mahlouji, agreed on a smaller selection to be exhibited. But before opening night, the MDA censored 15 of a larger group of photographs hung against a backdrop of a map of the conflict region, replacing each with a black paper rectangle. The photos belong to the series 'On the War Trail,' depicting photos of Kurdish female soldiers fighting ISIS that are part of the YPJ, an all-woman offshoot of the Kurdistan Workers' Party which the Turkish government (along with United States, Japan and Australia, and several other countries) considers a terrorist organisation. The photographs were commissioned by Time Magazine. Festival director Sen issued a statement condemning MDA's move, pointing out that the photographs were already published in Time Magazine and were widely accessible both online and off. "And so we are living with a new terror where we don't know, it is out of our control," he said at the exhibition's launch. [from "Ong Keng Sen on censorship at Newsha Tavakolian's I Know Why the Rebel Sings," June 22, 2016]
+
|description_of_result=The show remained up for the duration with the blacked-out photographs.
+
|image=Tavakolian.jpg
+
|source=http://www.straitstimes.com/lifestyle/arts/removed-images-photographer-deeply-disappointed
+
}}
+
[https://sifa.sg/theopen/blog/Statements-from-Newsha-Tavakolian-and-Ong-Keng-Sen-on-censorship/ Statements from Newsha Tavakolian and Ong Keng Sen on censorship, by Ng Yi-Sheng, July 02, 2016]
+
  
[https://faerieimps.blogspot.com/2016/06/i-know-why-rebel-sings_24.html 'i know why the rebel sings', June 24, 2016]
+
In early 1939, Billie Holiday was performing in the newly-opened nightclub Café Society in lower Manhattan. Meeropol asked Barney Josephson, the owner of the club, if Holiday would sing it. She sang it to a stunned audience that broke into applause.
  
[https://www.sifa.sg/theopen/blog/i-know-why-the-rebel-sings-by-newsha-tavakolian I Know Why the Rebel Sings, by Newsha Tavakolian, by Ng Yi-Sheng, June 23, 2016]
+
Holiday asked her label, Columbia, to record it but they declined, fearing a backlash. She went to Commodore Records; accompanied by her eight-piece Café Society band, they recorded it in a single afternoon. “Strange Fruit” would become her biggest hit and signature track.
 
+
|description_of_incident=The song was blacklisted. Performance of the song was banned in some US cities for fear of provoking civil unrest. It was blocked From U.S. Radio stations.
[https://bakchormeeboy.com/2016/06/23/i-know-why-the-rebel-sings-sifa-the-o-p-e-n-2016/ I Know Why The Rebel Sings – SIFA: The O.P.E.N. 2016, June 23, 2016] 
+
|description_of_result=The Library of Congress began adding important American recordings to the National Recording Registry in 2002 to ensure they would not be lost or forgotten. Billie Holiday’s recording of ‘Strange Fruit’ was one of 50 recordings added to the Library of Congress’ National Recording Registry in its first year.
 
+
|image=BillyHoliday.jpg
[https://sifa.sg/sifa/blog/Ong-Keng-Sen-on-censorship-at-Newsha-Takavolians-I-Know-Why-the-Rebel-Sings/ Ong Keng Sen on censorship at Newsha Tavakolian's I Know Why the Rebel Sings, by Ng Yi-Sheng, June 22, 2016]
+
}}
 
+
[https://ig.ft.com/life-of-a-song/strange-fruit.html Billie Holiday’s Strange Fruit — ‘the first unmuted cry against racism’], Financial Times, NOVEMBER 14, 2017
[http://www.newshatavakolian.com/ Newsha Tavakolian Photography]
+
  
[https://www.magnumphotos.com/photographer/newsha-tavakolian/ Newsha Tavakolian on Magnum Photos]
+
[https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2002/02/frut-f08.html "Strange Fruit": the story of a song], World Socialist Web Site, Feb 2002
  
[https://www.instagram.com/newshatavakolian/?hl=en Newsha Tavakolian, Instagram]
 
  
[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newsha_Tavakolian Newsha Tavakolian, Wikipedia]
 
  
  

Latest revision as of 09:46, 2 October 2018

Featured Case



BillyHoliday.jpg

Artist: Billie Holiday; Censored song: "Strange Fruit"

Year: 1939

Date of Action: 1939

Region: North America


Subject: Political/Economic/Social Opinion

Medium: Music

Confronting Bodies: U.S. Radio and performance spaces

Description of Artwork: "Strange Fruit" is a song performed most famously by Billie Holiday, who first sang and recorded it in 1939. It first appeared as apoem in 1937 under the title “Bitter Fruit” in the union publication The New York Teacher, having been written by a New York City public school teacher, Abel Meeropol. Set in the rustic loveliness of the “gallant South”, the poem provided a description of a “black body swinging in the southern breeze” with “the bulging eyes and the twisted mouth”; the scent of magnolia is supplanted by the stench of burning flesh. Meeropol set the poem to music. It protests American racism, particularly the lynching of African Americans. “Strange Fruit” has been called the original protest song.

In early 1939, Billie Holiday was performing in the newly-opened nightclub Café Society in lower Manhattan. Meeropol asked Barney Josephson, the owner of the club, if Holiday would sing it. She sang it to a stunned audience that broke into applause.

Holiday asked her label, Columbia, to record it but they declined, fearing a backlash. She went to Commodore Records; accompanied by her eight-piece Café Society band, they recorded it in a single afternoon. “Strange Fruit” would become her biggest hit and signature track.

The Incident: The song was blacklisted. Performance of the song was banned in some US cities for fear of provoking civil unrest. It was blocked From U.S. Radio stations.

Results of Incident: The Library of Congress began adding important American recordings to the National Recording Registry in 2002 to ensure they would not be lost or forgotten. Billie Holiday’s recording of ‘Strange Fruit’ was one of 50 recordings added to the Library of Congress’ National Recording Registry in its first year.

Source:


Billie Holiday’s Strange Fruit — ‘the first unmuted cry against racism’, Financial Times, NOVEMBER 14, 2017

"Strange Fruit": the story of a song, World Socialist Web Site, Feb 2002


















What is Censorpedia?

Censorpedia is a crowdsourced online database of censorship cases within the arts and in culture. It is aimed at those researching censorship, at activists working for freedom of expression and at artists and other cultural producers whose expression has been subject to censorship or attempted censorship.

Censorpedia documents censorship incidents by providing the who, what, when, where and why. By providing a repository of information about what is vulnerable to censorship and about the strategies and tactics that have defeated previous’ censorship attempts, Censorpedia aids the fight for free expression.

Researchers can search for a specific case, year or keyword using the search box, as well as browse by medium, by grounds for censorship, or explore a random case.

Activists can search for ongoing cases or contribute a case that is ongoing or recently resolved.

Artists and cultural producers are similarly invited to add cases they are directly involved with or are familiar with first hand.

Censorpedia builds on the landmark 1994 art project The File Room, initiated by Muntadas.

For more information about censorship visit our Annotated Bibliography


Feel free to:

Browse censorship cases by:


Censorpedia Terms of Use