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=== '''Artist:''' Aristophanes ===  
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{{Display censorship incident
====Date: c. [[:Category:448 B.C.|448]]-[[:Category:380 B.C.|380]] B.C.====
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|ongoing=no
 +
|year=2016
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|region=Middle East
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|artist=Newsha Tavakolian,
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|subject=Political/Economic/Social Opinion
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|confronting_bodies=Media Development Authority (MDA) of Singapore
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|medium=Photography
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|date_of_action=June 2016
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|location=Singapore
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|description_of_content='I Know Why The Rebel Sings' presented highlights from a range of works by Iranian documentary photographer Newsha Tavakolian. It included photographs from her series, 'Look,' 'Listen,' and "The Blank Pages Of An Iranian Photo Album," as well as previously unexhibited images of humanitarian tragedies around the world with a focus on the portrait. The exhibition was part of Singapore International Festival of the Arts (SIFA)'s pre-festival, O.P.E.N. public engagement initiative ("Open, Participate, Engage, Negotiate"). SIFA is the premier national performing arts festival in the country. Tavakolian, best known for her iconic photographs of struggle and conflict, is a member of Magnum Photos and has shot for publications such as National Geographic.
 +
|description_of_incident=When the Media Development Authority (MDA) of Singapore initially refused to grant permits for 33 of the photos, the Festival Director Ong Keng Sen and the show's curator, Vali Mahlouji, agreed on a smaller selection to be exhibited. But before opening night, the MDA censored 15 of a larger group of photographs hung against a backdrop of a map of the conflict region, replacing each with a black paper rectangle. The photos belong to the series 'On the War Trail,' depicting photos of Kurdish female soldiers fighting ISIS that are part of the YPJ, an all-woman offshoot of the Kurdistan Workers' Party which the Turkish government (along with United States, Japan and Australia, and several other countries) considers a terrorist organisation. The photographs were commissioned by Time Magazine. Festival director Sen issued a statement condemning MDA's move, pointing out that the photographs were already published in Time Magazine and were widely accessible both online and off. "And so we are living with a new terror where we don't know, it is out of our control," he said at the exhibition's launch. [from "Ong Keng Sen on censorship at Newsha Tavakolian's I Know Why the Rebel Sings," June 22, 2016]
 +
|description_of_result=The show remained up for the duration with the blacked-out photographs.
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|image=Tavakolian.jpg
 +
|source=http://www.straitstimes.com/lifestyle/arts/removed-images-photographer-deeply-disappointed
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}}
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[https://sifa.sg/theopen/blog/Statements-from-Newsha-Tavakolian-and-Ong-Keng-Sen-on-censorship/ Statements from Newsha Tavakolian and Ong Keng Sen on censorship, by Ng Yi-Sheng, July 02, 2016]
  
====Region: [[:Category:Europe|Europe]], [[:Category:North America|North America]]====
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[https://faerieimps.blogspot.com/2016/06/i-know-why-rebel-sings_24.html 'i know why the rebel sings', June 24, 2016]
  
====Subject: [[:Category:Political/Economic/Social Opinion|Political/Economic/Social Opinion]], [[:Category:Explicit Sexuality|Explicit Sexuality]]====
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[https://www.sifa.sg/theopen/blog/i-know-why-the-rebel-sings-by-newsha-tavakolian I Know Why the Rebel Sings, by Newsha Tavakolian, by Ng Yi-Sheng, June 23, 2016]
  
====Medium: [[:Category:Theater|Theater]], [[:Category:Performance Art|Performance Art]], [[:Category:Literature|Literature]]====
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[https://bakchormeeboy.com/2016/06/23/i-know-why-the-rebel-sings-sifa-the-o-p-e-n-2016/ I Know Why The Rebel Sings – SIFA: The O.P.E.N. 2016, June 23, 2016]
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[[File:Aristoph.jpg‎|right|200px]]
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'''Confronting Bodies:''' Plutarch, United States customs, Nazi occupation authorities, Greek military
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[https://sifa.sg/sifa/blog/Ong-Keng-Sen-on-censorship-at-Newsha-Takavolians-I-Know-Why-the-Rebel-Sings/ Ong Keng Sen on censorship at Newsha Tavakolian's I Know Why the Rebel Sings, by Ng Yi-Sheng, June 22, 2016]
  
'''Dates of Action:''' A.D. 66, 1942, 1954, 1967
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[http://www.newshatavakolian.com/ Newsha Tavakolian Photography]
  
'''Location:''' Greece, United States
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[https://www.magnumphotos.com/photographer/newsha-tavakolian/ Newsha Tavakolian on Magnum Photos]
  
'''Description of Artwork:''' ''The Clouds'' 423 B.C.: Comedy, an attack on the 'modern' education and morals as imported and taught by Sophists. in this play Socrates and his pupils are ridiculed, and at the end of it, their school, the Phrontisterion (thinking school) is burned to the ground. Socrates is pilloried as a typical representative of impious and destructive speculations.
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[https://www.instagram.com/newshatavakolian/?hl=en Newsha Tavakolian, Instagram]
  
''The Birds'' 414 B.C.: Comedy of fantasy. Some scholars see it as a political satire on the imperialistic dreams that had led the Athenians to undertake their ill-starred expedition of 415 B.C. against Syracuse Sicily.  
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[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newsha_Tavakolian Newsha Tavakolian, Wikipedia]
  
''[[Lysistrata]]'' 411 B.C. Play depicting the seizure of Acropolis and of the treasury of Athens.
 
  
'''The Incident:'''  A.D. 66 His comedies were considered obscene by Plutarch
 
  
1930 United States : Customs ban lifted on ''[[Lysistrata]]''. During the period of prohibition the book was published and sold for as little as thirty-five cents; and the drama was played in New York and Philadelphia as adapted by Gilbert Seldes.
 
  
1942 Athens, Greece : performance of classic Greek plays banned by Nazi occupation authorities.
 
  
1954 United States : Post Office officials seized a copy of the 1926 translation of ''[[Lysistrata]]'', by Jack Lindsay, addressed by Fanfrolico Press, England, to Harry A. Levinson, Beverly Hills bookseller. The Post Office quickly reversed itself and delivered the book, but only because it was "not for general distribution".
 
  
1967 Athens, Greece : The military clique then ruling the country banned a number of classic plays, including those named above, presumably because of their independent and antiwar themes.
 
  
'''Results of Incident:''' 1955 United States : In a successful challenge of the Comstock Act of 1873 which empowered the Postmaster General to rule on obscenity of literature sent through the mail, ''[[Lysistrata]]'' was declared mailable.
 
  
'''Source:''' Banned Books 387 B.C. to 1978 A.D., by Anne Lyon Haight, and Chandler B. Grannis, R.R. Bowker Co, 1978.
 
  
[[Category:66]]
 
[[Category:60s]]
 
[[Category:1st century]]
 
[[Category:1942]]
 
[[Category:1940s]]
 
[[Category:1954]]
 
[[Category:1950s]]
 
[[Category:1967]]
 
[[Category:1960s]]
 
[[Category:20th century]]
 
[[Category:Europe]]
 
[[Category:Greece]]
 
[[Category:Athens]]
 
[[Category:North America]]
 
[[Category:United States]]
 
[[Category:Political/Economic/Social Opinion]]
 
[[Category:Explicit Sexuality]]
 
[[Category:Theater]]
 
[[Category:Performance Art]]
 
[[Category:Literature]]
 
[[Category:Aristophanes]]
 
  
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Latest revision as of 09:01, 21 September 2017

This Week's Featured Case



Tavakolian.jpg

Artist: Newsha Tavakolian

Year: 2016

Date of Action: June 2016

Region: Middle East

Location: Singapore

Subject: Political/Economic/Social Opinion

Medium: Photography

Confronting Bodies: Media Development Authority (MDA) of Singapore

Description of Artwork: 'I Know Why The Rebel Sings' presented highlights from a range of works by Iranian documentary photographer Newsha Tavakolian. It included photographs from her series, 'Look,' 'Listen,' and "The Blank Pages Of An Iranian Photo Album," as well as previously unexhibited images of humanitarian tragedies around the world with a focus on the portrait. The exhibition was part of Singapore International Festival of the Arts (SIFA)'s pre-festival, O.P.E.N. public engagement initiative ("Open, Participate, Engage, Negotiate"). SIFA is the premier national performing arts festival in the country. Tavakolian, best known for her iconic photographs of struggle and conflict, is a member of Magnum Photos and has shot for publications such as National Geographic.

The Incident: When the Media Development Authority (MDA) of Singapore initially refused to grant permits for 33 of the photos, the Festival Director Ong Keng Sen and the show's curator, Vali Mahlouji, agreed on a smaller selection to be exhibited. But before opening night, the MDA censored 15 of a larger group of photographs hung against a backdrop of a map of the conflict region, replacing each with a black paper rectangle. The photos belong to the series 'On the War Trail,' depicting photos of Kurdish female soldiers fighting ISIS that are part of the YPJ, an all-woman offshoot of the Kurdistan Workers' Party which the Turkish government (along with United States, Japan and Australia, and several other countries) considers a terrorist organisation. The photographs were commissioned by Time Magazine. Festival director Sen issued a statement condemning MDA's move, pointing out that the photographs were already published in Time Magazine and were widely accessible both online and off. "And so we are living with a new terror where we don't know, it is out of our control," he said at the exhibition's launch. [from "Ong Keng Sen on censorship at Newsha Tavakolian's I Know Why the Rebel Sings," June 22, 2016]

Results of Incident: The show remained up for the duration with the blacked-out photographs.

Source: http://www.straitstimes.com/lifestyle/arts/removed-images-photographer-deeply-disappointed


Statements from Newsha Tavakolian and Ong Keng Sen on censorship, by Ng Yi-Sheng, July 02, 2016

'i know why the rebel sings', June 24, 2016

I Know Why the Rebel Sings, by Newsha Tavakolian, by Ng Yi-Sheng, June 23, 2016

I Know Why The Rebel Sings – SIFA: The O.P.E.N. 2016, June 23, 2016

Ong Keng Sen on censorship at Newsha Tavakolian's I Know Why the Rebel Sings, by Ng Yi-Sheng, June 22, 2016

Newsha Tavakolian Photography

Newsha Tavakolian on Magnum Photos

Newsha Tavakolian, Instagram

Newsha Tavakolian, Wikipedia

















What is Censorpedia?

Censorpedia is a crowdsourced online database of censorship cases within the arts and in culture. It is aimed at those researching censorship, at activists working for freedom of expression and at artists and other cultural producers whose expression has been subject to censorship or attempted censorship.

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