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=== '''Some Living American Women Artists/Last Supper''' ===
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{{Display censorship incident
====Date: [[:Category:1995|1995]]====
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|ongoing=no
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|year=2016
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|region=Middle East
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|artist=Newsha Tavakolian,
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|subject=Political/Economic/Social Opinion
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|confronting_bodies=Media Development Authority (MDA) of Singapore
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|medium=Photography
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|date_of_action=June 2016
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|location=Singapore
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|description_of_content='I Know Why The Rebel Sings' presented highlights from a range of works by Iranian documentary photographer Newsha Tavakolian. It included photographs from her series, 'Look,' 'Listen,' and "The Blank Pages Of An Iranian Photo Album," as well as previously unexhibited images of humanitarian tragedies around the world with a focus on the portrait. The exhibition was part of Singapore International Festival of the Arts (SIFA)'s pre-festival, O.P.E.N. public engagement initiative ("Open, Participate, Engage, Negotiate"). SIFA is the premier national performing arts festival in the country. Tavakolian, best known for her iconic photographs of struggle and conflict, is a member of Magnum Photos and has shot for publications such as National Geographic.
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|description_of_incident=When the Media Development Authority (MDA) of Singapore initially refused to grant permits for 33 of the photos, the Festival Director Ong Keng Sen and the show's curator, Vali Mahlouji, agreed on a smaller selection to be exhibited. But before opening night, the MDA censored 15 of a larger group of photographs hung against a backdrop of a map of the conflict region, replacing each with a black paper rectangle. The photos belong to the series 'On the War Trail,' depicting photos of Kurdish female soldiers fighting ISIS that are part of the YPJ, an all-woman offshoot of the Kurdistan Workers' Party which the Turkish government (along with United States, Japan and Australia, and several other countries) considers a terrorist organisation. The photographs were commissioned by Time Magazine. Festival director Sen issued a statement condemning MDA's move, pointing out that the photographs were already published in Time Magazine and were widely accessible both online and off. "And so we are living with a new terror where we don't know, it is out of our control," he said at the exhibition's launch. [from "Ong Keng Sen on censorship at Newsha Tavakolian's I Know Why the Rebel Sings," June 22, 2016]
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|description_of_result=The show remained up for the duration with the blacked-out photographs.
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|image=Tavakolian.jpg
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|source=http://www.straitstimes.com/lifestyle/arts/removed-images-photographer-deeply-disappointed
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}}
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[https://sifa.sg/theopen/blog/Statements-from-Newsha-Tavakolian-and-Ong-Keng-Sen-on-censorship/ Statements from Newsha Tavakolian and Ong Keng Sen on censorship, by Ng Yi-Sheng, July 02, 2016]
  
====Region: [[:Category:North America|North America]]====
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[https://faerieimps.blogspot.com/2016/06/i-know-why-rebel-sings_24.html 'i know why the rebel sings', June 24, 2016]
  
====Subject: [[:Category:Religious|Religious]] [[:Category:Political/Economic/Social Opinion|Political/Economic/Social Opinion]]====
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[https://www.sifa.sg/theopen/blog/i-know-why-the-rebel-sings-by-newsha-tavakolian I Know Why the Rebel Sings, by Newsha Tavakolian, by Ng Yi-Sheng, June 23, 2016]
  
====Medium: [[:Category:Mixed Media|Mixed Media]]====
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[https://bakchormeeboy.com/2016/06/23/i-know-why-the-rebel-sings-sifa-the-o-p-e-n-2016/ I Know Why The Rebel Sings – SIFA: The O.P.E.N. 2016, June 23, 2016] 
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[[File:LastSupper.jpg|right]]
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'''Artist:''' Mary Beth Edelson (b. 1933)
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'''Confronting Bodies:''' Eight faculty members at Franklin and Marshal College, including a Russian Orthodox Priest
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[https://sifa.sg/sifa/blog/Ong-Keng-Sen-on-censorship-at-Newsha-Takavolians-I-Know-Why-the-Rebel-Sings/ Ong Keng Sen on censorship at Newsha Tavakolian's I Know Why the Rebel Sings, by Ng Yi-Sheng, June 22, 2016]
  
'''Dates of Action:''' October 1995
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[http://www.newshatavakolian.com/ Newsha Tavakolian Photography]
  
'''Location:''' The Women's Center, Franklin and Marshal College, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
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[https://www.magnumphotos.com/photographer/newsha-tavakolian/ Newsha Tavakolian on Magnum Photos]
  
'''Description of Artwork:''' The 1972 poster recasts Da'Vinci's ''Last Supper'' with women artists of the '70s feminist art movement, and has been recognized as the iconic image in the art of 70s feminism. A border of more women artists frames the image. Georgia O'Keefe's head takes the place of Jesus. 
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[https://www.instagram.com/newshatavakolian/?hl=en Newsha Tavakolian, Instagram]
  
'''The Incident:''' A copy of the poster was donated to the Women's Center upon its opening in 1992, and the center placed it on permanent display. As a result, eight faculty members complained that it was an affront to Christian sensitivities. They called for the censure of the Women's Center and its Executive Board, who declined to remove the image.
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[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newsha_Tavakolian Newsha Tavakolian, Wikipedia]
  
'''Results of Incident:''' As in 1972, the piece attracted media attention and sparked debate between religious communities and feminists.
 
 
Mary Beth Edelson (formerly Mary Beth Snyder) first encountered censorship in 1955 as a student at Indiana's DePauw University.  Two of her works were removed from an exhibit on display in their Union Building.  They were eliminated by suggestion of some faculty members who complained that they were "degrading, not pretty, and would discourage other students from entering the Art Department."  Her pieces were replaced by two of her other works, and later exhibited in a senior exhibit in the Art Building.
 
  
'''Source:''' NCAC, In a Pig's Eye: The Offence of Some Living American Women Artists, Linda S. Aleci, DePauw University newspaper; http://www.marybethedelson.com/posters.html
 
  
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Latest revision as of 09:01, 21 September 2017

This Week's Featured Case



Tavakolian.jpg

Artist: Newsha Tavakolian

Year: 2016

Date of Action: June 2016

Region: Middle East

Location: Singapore

Subject: Political/Economic/Social Opinion

Medium: Photography

Confronting Bodies: Media Development Authority (MDA) of Singapore

Description of Artwork: 'I Know Why The Rebel Sings' presented highlights from a range of works by Iranian documentary photographer Newsha Tavakolian. It included photographs from her series, 'Look,' 'Listen,' and "The Blank Pages Of An Iranian Photo Album," as well as previously unexhibited images of humanitarian tragedies around the world with a focus on the portrait. The exhibition was part of Singapore International Festival of the Arts (SIFA)'s pre-festival, O.P.E.N. public engagement initiative ("Open, Participate, Engage, Negotiate"). SIFA is the premier national performing arts festival in the country. Tavakolian, best known for her iconic photographs of struggle and conflict, is a member of Magnum Photos and has shot for publications such as National Geographic.

The Incident: When the Media Development Authority (MDA) of Singapore initially refused to grant permits for 33 of the photos, the Festival Director Ong Keng Sen and the show's curator, Vali Mahlouji, agreed on a smaller selection to be exhibited. But before opening night, the MDA censored 15 of a larger group of photographs hung against a backdrop of a map of the conflict region, replacing each with a black paper rectangle. The photos belong to the series 'On the War Trail,' depicting photos of Kurdish female soldiers fighting ISIS that are part of the YPJ, an all-woman offshoot of the Kurdistan Workers' Party which the Turkish government (along with United States, Japan and Australia, and several other countries) considers a terrorist organisation. The photographs were commissioned by Time Magazine. Festival director Sen issued a statement condemning MDA's move, pointing out that the photographs were already published in Time Magazine and were widely accessible both online and off. "And so we are living with a new terror where we don't know, it is out of our control," he said at the exhibition's launch. [from "Ong Keng Sen on censorship at Newsha Tavakolian's I Know Why the Rebel Sings," June 22, 2016]

Results of Incident: The show remained up for the duration with the blacked-out photographs.

Source: http://www.straitstimes.com/lifestyle/arts/removed-images-photographer-deeply-disappointed


Statements from Newsha Tavakolian and Ong Keng Sen on censorship, by Ng Yi-Sheng, July 02, 2016

'i know why the rebel sings', June 24, 2016

I Know Why the Rebel Sings, by Newsha Tavakolian, by Ng Yi-Sheng, June 23, 2016

I Know Why The Rebel Sings – SIFA: The O.P.E.N. 2016, June 23, 2016

Ong Keng Sen on censorship at Newsha Tavakolian's I Know Why the Rebel Sings, by Ng Yi-Sheng, June 22, 2016

Newsha Tavakolian Photography

Newsha Tavakolian on Magnum Photos

Newsha Tavakolian, Instagram

Newsha Tavakolian, Wikipedia

















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Censorpedia is a crowdsourced online database of censorship cases within the arts and in culture. It is aimed at those researching censorship, at activists working for freedom of expression and at artists and other cultural producers whose expression has been subject to censorship or attempted censorship.

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