VIP Reference

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Date: 1998

Region: Asia

Subject: Political/Economic/Social Opinion

Medium: Electronic Media


Artist: Lin Hai

Confronting Bodies: Shanghai foreign affairs office officials

Dates of Action: December 1998

Location: Shanghai, China

Description of Artwork: Lin Hai was accused of using the Internet to subvert the Chinese socialist system.

The Incident: Lin Hai was arrested in December 1998 for supplying e-mail addresses to an overseas publication called VIP Reference which enabled them to bypass China's censor. Lin Hai was charged with "subverting the socialist system."

Results of Incident: Lin Hai's trial was closed to the public. Chinese officials suggests that it "involves government internal affairs."

Source: Index on Censorship, 1/99